The latter were young indentured labourers who according to some sources had been abducted, effectively making them slaves.
Courten's title was transferred to James Hay, 1st Earl of Carlisle, in what was called the "Great Barbados Robbery." Carlisle then chose as governor Henry Hawley, who established the House of Assembly in 1639, in an effort to appease the planters, who might otherwise have opposed his controversial appointment.
In 1519, a map produced by the Genoese mapmaker Visconte Maggiolo showed and named Barbados in its correct position.
Furthermore, the island of Barbuda in the Leewards is very similar in name and was once named Las Barbudas by the Spanish.
An English ship, the Olive Blossom, arrived in Barbados in 1625; its men took possession of it in the name of King James I.
In 1627, the first permanent settlers arrived from England, and it became an English and later British colony.
The origin is uncertain but several theories exist.