Narrowly escaping capture, the spies brought back valuable intelligence collected from Rahab, a harlot who lived within the city wall.
Anyone who wished to conquer the central hill country from the east, as the Bible describes Joshua and the Israelites doing, would first need to secure Jericho. E, conquest would match the chronology derived from the Bible.
Archaeologists have long debated whether the Israelites in fact conquered Jericho. and there was no walled city at Tell es-Sultan for Joshua to conquer. when it was destroyed in a conquest strikingly similar to the Biblical account. However, it is about 150 to 200 years earlier than the time most scholars believe the Israelites were to be found as a people living in Canaan.
For example, they traced the Middle Bronze revetment wall around three-quarters of the base of the tell, although at the time they did not fully understand the complexities of the Middle Bronze fortification system.
It was only when Kathleen Kenyon excavated the site in the 1950s that the nature of the revetment wall was clarified, as we will soon see. E.), the time when the Israelites first appeared in Canaan.
Above the rampart on top of the tell was a mudbrick wall which served as Jericho’s city wall proper.