Thus, Americans might be able to discern a Boston accent or a Texas accent by sound alone, or they might place a foreign speaker's origin by noting a French or Russian accent. ACEPHALOUS: From Greek "headless," acephalous lines are lines in normal iambic pentameter that contain only nine syllables rather than the expected ten. ACMEISM: A 1912 Russian poetry movement reacting against the Symbolist movement (Harkins 1). They are least useful when they obscure the truth, when they enable technobabble and unnecessary jargon.
(2) The degree of stress given to a syllable--an important component of meter. The first syllable, which is stressed, "counts" as a full metric foot by itself. Acmeists protested against the mystical tendencies of the Symbolists; they opposed ambiguity in poetry, calling for a return to precise, concrete imagery. Even English historical scholarship has fallen into the habit, commonly referring to the historical Great Vowel Shift as the ACROSTIC: A poem in which the first or last letters of each line vertically form a word, phrase, or sentence.
Horace coins the phrase in his treatise, Ars Poeticae, a treatise not to be confused with the Poetics of Aristotle. ABLAUT: Jacob Grimm's term for the way in which Old English strong verbs formed their preterites by a vowel change. An example would be the principal parts of Old English strong verbs such as ABOLITIONIST LITERATURE: Literature, poetry, pamphlets, or propaganda written in the nineteenth century for the express purpose of condemning slaveholders, encouraging the release and emancipation of slaves, or abolishing slavery altogether.
This literature might take the form of autobiographical writings (in the case of many slave narratives) or fictional accounts such as Stowe's .
Acrostics may have first been used as a mnemonic device to aid with oral transmission.