During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe; present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were the territories of the Grand Duchy.
The battle inspired rebellions among the Curonians, Semigallians, Selonians, Oeselians, tribes previously conquered by the Sword-Brothers.
Some thirty years' worth of conquests on the left bank of Daugava were lost.
Lithuania has been among the fastest growing economies in the European Union and is ranked 21st in the world in the 2017 Ease of Doing Business Index.
The first people settled in the territory of Lithuania after the last glacial period in the 10th millennium BC.
Eventually Polonization affected all aspects of Lithuanian life: politics, language, culture, and national identity.