Advances in technology made possible mass production of foodstuffs, quick distribution of goods, safer storage facilities, and more efficient cooking appliances.
Advances in transportation (most notably trains, automobiles, trucks) also created a huge demand for public dining venues.
According to the current edition of Larousse Gastronomque (p.
194-5), the first cafes (generally defined as places selling drinks and snacks) was established in Constantinople in 1550.
The restaurant, as we know it today, is said to have been a byproduct of the French Revolution.