Most of the captives were headed for sugar plantations where theyd be worked to exhaustion, many dying within five to ten years.On the journey home to Great Britain, in July 1700, a fierce storm sank the ship of the coast of Key West, Florida.He also oversaw its recasting after it cracked during its first ringing.
By one estimate Henrietta Maries cargo grossed well over 3,000 (more than $400,000 today) for the ships investors.
Sturdy and fast, the Henrietta Marie traveled the infamous triangular trade route favored by the slavers -- from England to the Guinea coast, to the Americas, then home again.
Authentic slave ball manufactured mid to late 1600s (above, left), with unique handle (approx.
50 lb.), -- used on the known London-based slave ship, Henrietta Marie, the oldest identifiable slave ship wreck in the world (July 1700); featured in National Geographic's (August, 2002) -- for "trouble-makers", #3 written on it.
In 1822 the family moved to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, to find a better racial climate, and at the age of 19 Martin attended an African American school in Pittsburgh.