The Porfiriate is the era when army hero Porfirio Díaz held power as president of Mexico almost continuously from 1876-1911.
He promoted "order and progress" that saw the modernization of the economy and the flow of foreign investment to the country.
the territory had complex indigenous civilizations before being conquered and colonized by the Spanish in the 16th century.
One of the important aspects of Mesoamerican civilizations was their development of a form of writing, so that Mexico's written history stretches back hundreds of years before the arrival of the Spaniards in 1519.
With the end of the Second Mexican Empire, the period often called the Restored Republic (1867–76) brought back Benito Juárez as president.