The town was sited at the crossroads of trade routes for caravans travelling between southern Palestine, Sinai, Eastern Jordan and the north of the Arabian Peninsula.
Although the subsequent Ottoman Period (1517-1917) heralded an extension of the town to the surrounding areas and brought numerous architectural additions, particularly the raising of the roof level of houses to provide more upper stories, the overall Mamluk morphology of the town is seen to have persisted with its hierarchy of areas, quarters based on ethnic, religious or professional groupings, and houses with groups of rooms organized according to a tree-shaped system.
Russian Federation Criteria: (ii)(iv) The Assumption Cathedral is located in the town-island of Sviyazhsk and is part of the monastery of the same name.
The city continued to flourish as the capital of the State of Gujarat for six centuries, up to the present.
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Criteria: (iii)(v) The City of Yazd is located in the middle of the Iranian plateau, 270 km southeast of Isfahan, close to the Spice and Silk Roads.
The cathedral’s frescoes are among the rarest examples of Eastern Orthodox mural paintings.
Germany Criteria: (iii) Modern humans first arrived in Europe 43,000 years ago during the last ice age.
It was from this outpost that he initiated the conquest of the Kazan Khanate.